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Post-NATO Afghanistan: Participant Biographies

CHAIR: Mr Francesc Vendrell CMG 
Mediator-in-Residence, Department of Political Affairs, United Nations; Adjunct Professor of International Relations, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Bologna campus; Chair, Afghanistan Analysts Network; Senior Consultant, Intermediate; Senior Fellow, London School of Economics. Formerly: Diplomat-in-Residence and Visiting Professor, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton University (2008-09); EU Special Representative for Afghanistan (2002-08); Personal Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Special Mission for Afghanistan (2000-01); Director, Asia and Pacific Division, UN Department of Political Affairs (1993-99); UN Special Envoy for Cambodia (1995-99), East Timor (1993-99), Myanmar (1993-99), Papua New Guinea (1995-98), Armenia, Azerbaijan and Nagorno-Karabakh (1992-93); Deputy Special Representative for the Central American Peace Processes (1987-92); Director for Europe and Americas, Office of the UN Secretary-General (1986-92).

Ms Rina Amiri 
Senior Mediation Expert, United Nations Standby Team of Mediation Experts. Formerly: Senior Advisor to US Special Representative to Afghanistan and Pakistan (2008-12); Director, Afghanistan and Regional Policy Initiative, Soros Foundation; United Nations Assistance Mission to Afghanistan (UNAMA) (2002-06); Political Advisor, UNAMA; Senior Research Coordinator, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (1998-2002).

Mr Shahmahmood Miakhel 
Country Director for Afghanistan, United States Institute for Peace, Kabul. Formerly: Governance Adviser/Deputy Head of Governance Unit, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (2005-09); Deputy Minister of Interior of Afghanistan (2003-05); Reporter for Pashto and Dari Services, Voice of America (1985-90); Deputy Director of SOS/Belgium.

Ambassador Omar Samad
Senior Central Asia Fellow, New America Foundation (2013-); President, Silkroad Consulting. Formerly: Senior Afghanistan Expert, United States Institute of Peace (2012-13); Ambassador of Afghanistan to France (2009-11); to Canada (2004-09); Spokesman for the Afghan Foreign Ministry (2001-04); CNN Contributor (2001); President, Afghan Information Center and Executive Editor, Azadi Afghan Radio (1996-2001); Advocate for Afghan cause (1979-96).


Mr Tom Gregg 
Adviser, The Center for Humanitarian Dialogue, Geneva; Non-Resident Fellow, Center on International Cooperation, New York University. Formerly: Associate Director, Afghanistan-Pakistan Regional Project, Center on International Cooperation, New York University; Special Assistant to the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of Southeast Region, United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan; Australian Council for International Development, Australian National University; Pacific Concerns Resource Centre.


Mr Georg-Sebastian Holzer 

Security Sector Advisor, German Agency for International Cooperation (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH - GIZ), Brussels (2012-); Senior Expert, Peace and Security Section, Global Governance Institute (2011-). Formerly: Head of Analysis Cell, Country Risk Management Office, GIZ, Kabul (2011-12); Junior Advisor, Risk Management Office, GIZ, Kunduz (2010-11).


Mr David Collins CD 
Fellow, Canadian Defence and Foreign Affairs Institute (2014-); Director, Conference of Defence Associations Institute; Director, Canadian International Council (Victoria Branch). Formerly: Interim Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2013); High Commissioner or Ambassador to Kenya, Uganda, South Sudan, Somalia, Burundi and Rwanda, and Permanent Representative to the UN Organisations based in Nairobi (2010-12); High Commissioner for Canada to Malaysia (2008-10); High Commissioner for Canada to Pakistan (2005-08); Inspector General, Department of Foreign
Affairs and International Trade, Ottawa (2003-05); Director, Defence Partnership and Cooperation, NATO, Brussels (2001-03); Ambassador of Canada to Romania, Bulgaria and Moldova (1998-2000). A Member of the Advisory Committee, The Canadian Ditchley Foundation.

Dr Mark Sedra 
Adjunct Professor, Department of Political Science, Balsillie School of International Affairs, University of Waterloo; President and Co-Founder, Security Governance Group; Executive Director and Co-Founder, Centre for Security Governance. Formerly: Senior Research Fellow, Centre for International Governance Innovation; Cadieux-Léger Fellow, Canadian Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade; Research Associate, Bonn International Center for Conversion; Visiting Research Fellow, Defence Academy of the United Kingdom; Consultant on international security issues to: United Nations, UK Department for International Development, and others.


Ambassador Sun Yuxi 
Chinese Diplomatic Service: Special Envoy for Afghan affairs (2014-). Formerly: Ambassador to Poland; to Italy; to India; to Afghanistan (2002-05).

Dr Zhang Jiegen

Research Fellow, Center for South Asia Studies and Pakistan Study Centre, Institute of International Studies, Fudan University, Shanghai; Academic Visitor, St Antony's College, University of Oxford (2014-15); Member, Arms Control Program, Center for American Studies, Fudan University. Formerly: Visiting Scholar, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC (2009-10).


Ambassador Dr Michael Koch 
German Diplomatic Service (1986-): Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, German Federal Foreign Office (2012-); Chair, International Contact Group on Afghanistan and Pakistan (2012-). Formerly: Ambassador to Pakistan (2008-12); Special Task Force for Afghanistan, Federal Foreign Office (2004-08); Head, Political Section, Embassy of Germany, New Delhi (2001-04).

Dr Henning Riecke 

Head of Transatlantic Relations Programme (2009-), formerly Head of European Foreign and Security Policy Programme, German Council on Foreign Relations. Formerly: Thyssen Fellow, Weatherhead Center for International Affairs, Harvard University (2000); Visiting Fellow, Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard University (2000); Research Fellow, Center for Transatlantic Foreign and Security Policy Studies, Free University of Berlin (1993-99).


Mr Gani Bekenov 
Political Counsellor, Embassy of Kazakhstan to the United Kingdom (2013-). Formerly: Consultant (Middle East, Caspian region, South Asia and Afghanistan), Centre for Foreign Policy, Office of the President of Kazakhstan (2008-13); Consul, Consulate General of Kazakhstan in Istanbul (2003-08).


Mr Haseeb Humayoon
Co-Founder and Central Council Member, Afghanistan 1400; Partner, QARA Consulting, LLC (public affairs and business advisory firm to The World Bank, United Nations Development Program, Ministry of Commerce, Office of the National Security Council of the Government of Afghanistan, International Security Assistance Force); contributor, Foreign Policy Magazine, Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, 8-Subh Daily; commentator on regional affairs for Tolo TV, Voice of America, Channel 1 Afghanistan, Radio Azadi, BBC, Al Jazeera English, NPR. Advisor to two electoral campaigns in the first and second round of Afghanistan 2014 elections.

Mr Nader Nadery 
Director, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit; Chairman, Free and Fair Election Foundation of Afghanistan; Founding Member, Afghan Civil Society Forum. Formerly: Deputy Chairman, then Commissioner, Afghanistan's Independent Human Rights Commission; Spokesman, Emergency Loya Jirga (2002); Representative of Afghan Civil Society at UN peace talks on Afghanistan, Bonn Conference (2001); Programme Co-ordinator, International Human Rights Law Group.


Lt Gen. (retd) Asad Durrani 
Formerly: Ambassador of Pakistan to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (2000-02); Ambassador to Germany (1994-97); Army postings, including: Commandant, National Defence College; Inspector General, Training and Evaluation, GHQ; Director General, Military Intelligence and Inter Services Intelligence; Instructorships at Pakistan Military Academy and Command and Staff College, Quetta.

Mr Imtiaz Gul
Executive Director, Centre for Research and Security Studies, Islamabad.

Mr Rafiullah Kakar 
Master of Public Policy Candidate, Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford; Rhodes Scholar, Pakistan (2013); Blogger; Vice President, Oxford Pakistan Society; Member, Editorial Board, Laaltain magazine. Formerly: 2014 Fellow, Open Society Internship for Rights and Governance; Member, Youth Parliament, Pakistan (2013); Fellow, Global Undergraduate Exchange Program in Eurasia and Central Asia (UGRAD) (2010).

Ambassador Riaz Khokhar 

Private Consultant and Senior Fellow, China-Pakistan Joint Think Tank, National University of Science and Technology. Formerly: Special Envoy of Prime Minister Shaukat Aziz on Inter-Faith Dialogue 2005-08); Foreign Secretary of Pakistan (2002-05); Ambassador to People's Republic of China and Mongolia (1999-2002); to USA and Jamaica (1997-99); High Commissioner to India (1992-97); to Bangladesh and Bhutan (1986-89); Director General (South Asia), Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1985-86); Foreign Policy and Defence Aide to four Prime Ministers: Nawaz Sharif (1990-92), Mustafa Jatoi (1990), Benazir Bhutto (1989-90), Z. A. Bhutto (1974-77).

Mr Ahmed Rashid 
Journalist and Writer; Contributor, The Daily Telegraph, The Washington Post, El Mundo, BBC Online, and others; Author, 'Taliban', 'Descent into Chaos: The United States and the Failure of Nation Building in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia'.


Mr Mehmet Ogutcu 
Founder and CEO, Global Resources Partnership (UK); Independent Non-Executive Director, Genel Energy plc and Yasar Holding Group; Special Envoy for Middle East and North Africa, Energy Charter, Brussels; Chairman, The Bosphorus Energy Club, Istanbul; Strategic Advisor to Windsor Energy Group. Formerly: Director, BG Group; international investment and governance programmes, OECD (Paris); Asia-Pacific and Latin America programme, International Energy Agency, Paris; Turkish Diplomatic Service (Ankara, Beijing, Brussels and Paris); Adviser to late Turkish Prime Minister, Turgut Ozal; NATO Research Fellow, Brussels; Jean Monnet Fellow, Bruges.


Dr Alexander Evans OBE 
Coordinator, Al Qaida/Taliban Monitoring Team, United Nations (2013-); Visiting Senior Research Fellow, King's College London. Formerly: Senior Fellow, Jackson Institute for Global Affairs, Yale University (2011-13); Henry A. Kissinger Chair, Library of Congress (2011); Senior Advisor to Ambassador Richard Holbrooke, then to Ambassador Marc Grossman, US Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, US Department of State (2009-11); HM Diplomatic Service(2003-12).

Mr Michael Keating 
Senior Consulting Fellow, Chatham House (directing a project on political transition in Afghanistan); Adviser on conflict resolution. Formerly: Deputy Special Representative of the UN Secretary General in Afghanistan; development, humanitarian and political responsibilities in the Middle East, Africa, Geneva and New York, United Nations; Director, Africa Progress Panel.

Ms Clare Lockhart 
Director, Institute for State Effectiveness; Co-Founder and Director, Institute for State Effectiveness, Washington, DC (2006-); Senior Fellow, Jackson School (2014-); Trustee, Asia Foundation (2013-); Young Global Leader, WEF (2011-). Formerly: Director, Market Building Initiative, Aspen Institute (2008-13); Author, 'Fixing Failed States' (OUP 2008); Barrister; UN Adviser to the Bonn Agreement, Afghanistan (2001-05).

Mr David Loyn 
BBC Correspondent (1987-): BBC Afghanistan Correspondent; Board Member, Media Standards Trust; Advisory Council Member, McDonald Centre for Theology, Ethics and Public Life, Oxford; Author, 'Frontline - Reporting From the World's Deadliest Places' (Michael Joseph 2005); 'Butcher and Bolt - Two Hundred Years of Foreign Engagement in Afghanistan' (Hutchinson 2008); Royal Television Society Journalist of the Year 1999.

Ms Rachel Reid 
Advocacy Manager for Middle East, North Africa and Southwest Asia, Open Society Foundations. Formerly: Afghanistan Analyst, Human Rights Watch (2008-11); BBC: Reporter, World Service, Afghanistan; Editor, BBC Newshour; Middle East Producer, Cairo.

General The Lord Richards GCB, CBE, DSO, DL 
Senior Adviser, International Institute for Strategic Studies; Chairman, Equilibrium-Global. Formerly: Chief of the Defence Staff (2010-13); Commander-in-Chief, Land Forces (2008-09); Commander, Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (2005-07); Commander, NATO International Security and Assistance Force, Afghanistan (2006-07); Assistant Chief of the General Staff, Ministry of Defence, London (2002-05); Commander Joint Task Force Sierra Leone (2000) and East Timor (1999). A Governor of The Ditchley Foundation.

Sir Nigel Sheinwald GCMG 
Special Envoy on intelligence and law enforcement data sharing; Director, Royal Dutch Shell; Visiting Professor, King's College London. Formerly: Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service (1976-2012): Ambassador to the United States of America, Washington, DC (2007-12); Foreign Policy and Defence Adviser to the Prime Minister (2003-07); Ambassador and UK Representative to the European Union, Brussels (2000-03).

Mr Michael Thomas 
Senior Principal Research Analyst, Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), London. Formerly: Head, FCO South Asia and Afghanistan Research Group (2010-14) and Head, FCO Asia Research Group (2009-10); Assistant Director for Afghanistan, Ministry of Defence (2002-06).

Mr Bhavin Vyas 
Political and Security Risk Analyst (South Asia), Risk Advisory Group, London. Formerly: Researcher on political and diplomatic issues in South Asia and the Middle East; Associate Consultant, Deloitte UK.


Ambassador James Dobbins 
Senior Fellow and Distinguished Chair in Diplomacy and Security, RAND Corporation. Formerly: US Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan (2013-14); Director, Center for International Security and Defense Policy, RAND Corporation; Bush Administration First Special Envoy for Afghanistan; Special Adviser to the President and Secretary of State for the Balkans; Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director, National Security Council Staff (1996-99); US Ambassador to the European Community (1991-93); Assistant Secretary of State for Europe; Clinton Administration Special Envoy for Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Kosovo.

Ambassador Karl Eikenberry 
Stanford University: William J. Perry Fellow in International Security, Center for International Security and Cooperation; Faculty Member, Shorenstein Asia-Pacific Research Center; affiliated Faculty Member, Center for Democracy, Development and Rule of Law; Researcher, The Europe Center. Formerly: US Ambassador to Afghanistan (2009-11); US Army (1974-2009); Deputy Chairman, NATO Military Committee, Brussels; Commander, Combined Forces Command, Afghanistan; Director for Strategic Planning and Policy, US Pacific Command; US Security Coordinator and Chief of the Office of Military Cooperation, Kabul; Assistant Army, later Defense, Attaché, US Embassy, Beijing.

Dr Vanda Felbab-Brown 
Senior Fellow, Center for 21st Century Security and Intelligence, Foreign Policy, Brookings Institution; Author, 'Aspiration and Ambivalence: Strategies and Realities of Counterinsurgency and State-building in Afghanistan' (Brookings, 2013); Co-Director, Improving Global Drug Policy: Comparative Perspectives on Counternarcotics Regimes and UNGASS 2016, Brookings Institution; Member, US-China Dialogue on Afghanistan and Pakistan, Center for International Cooperation, New York University; Advisory Board Member, Taliban Resources Project; Member, Council on Foreign Relations.

Dr Seth Jones 
Director, International Security and Defence Policy Center, RAND Corporation; Adjunct Professor, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; Author, 'In the Graveyard of Empires: America's War in Afghanistan'. Formerly: Representative for the Commander to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations, US Special Operations Command; Plans Officer and Advisor to the Commanding General, US Special Operations Forces, Afghanistan.

Ambassador James Dobbins 
Senior Fellow and Distinguished Chair in Diplomacy and Security, RAND Corporation. Formerly: US Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan (2013-14); Director, Center for International Security and Defense Policy, RAND Corporation; Bush Administration First Special Envoy for Afghanistan; Special Adviser to the President and Secretary of State for the Balkans; Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director, National Security Council Staff (1996-99); US Ambassador to the European Community (1991-93); Assistant Secretary of State for Europe; Clinton Administration Special Envoy for Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia and Kosovo.

Ambassador Cameron Munter 
Professor of Practice in International Relations, Pomona College (2013-); Non-Resident Fellow, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Formerly: Visiting Professor, Columbia University Law School, New York (2012); US Diplomatic Service: Ambassador to Pakistan (2010-12); to Serbia (2007-09); Deputy Chief of Mission, US Embassy, Baghdad (2010); Provincial Reconstruction Team, Mosul (2006); Director for Central Europe, National Security Council; Chief of Staff, NATO Enlargement Ratification Office, Department of State.

Ambassador Ronald Neumann 
President, American Academy of Diplomacy. Formerly: Ambassador to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (2005-07); Coalition Provisional Authority, then Embassy Principal Interlocutor with the Multinational Command, US Embassy, Baghdad (2004-05); Ambassador to Bahrain (2001-04); Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, US Department of State; Ambassador to Algeria (1994-97).

Mr Anthony Richter 
Associate Director and Regional Director for the Middle East, North Africa and Southwest Asia, Open Society Foundations, New York; Member, Council on Foreign Relations; Member and Founding Chairman, Revenue Watch Institute. Formerly: Board Member: Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative and the Open Government Partnership.

Dr Barnett Rubin 
Director, Center on International Cooperation, New York University (2000-). Formerly: Senior Adviser to the Special Representative for Afghanistan and Pakistan, US Department of State (2009-13); Senior Advisor, UN Special Representative of the Secretary General, Afghanistan (2001); Director, Center for Preventive Action, Council on Foreign Relations, New York (1994-2000); Associate Professor of Political Science, Columbia University (1990-96); Assistant Professor of Political Science, Yale University (1982-1989).

His Excellency Dr Mohammad Daud Yaar
Diplomatic Service of Afghanistan: Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan to the United Kingdom. Formerly: Director of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kabul.

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